The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS),
NIOS formerly National Open School, (name changed in 2002) is the board of education under the Union Government of India. It was established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development of the Government of India in 1989 to provide education to all segments of society under the motive to increase literacy and aimed forward for flexible learning. The NIOS is a national board that administers examinations for Secondary and Senior Secondary examinations like the CBSE and the CISCE. It also offers vocational courses after the high school.
NIOS had a cumulative enrollment of about 1.5 million students from 2004 to 2009 at secondary and senior secondary levels and enrolls about 350,000 students annually which makes it the largest open schooling system in the world.
The NIOS collaborates with the Commonwealth of Learning (COL) and UNESCO. It also has study centers for Indian expatriates in the Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Kuwait, Nepal, Canada, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Australia, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore and the United States of America.
IOS offer the following courses:
Open Basic Education Program, which includes following three levels courses,
OBE ‘A’ Level course—Equivalent to class III
OBE ‘B’ Level course—Equivalent to class V
OBE ‘C’ Level course—Equivalent to class VIII
Secondary Course—Equivalent to class X
Senior Secondary Course—Equivalent to class XII
Vocational Education Courses
Life enrichment programs.
The public examinations are held twice a year in April–May and October–November on dates fixed by the NIOS. However, one also eligible to appear through the On-Demand Examinations at Level and Senior Secondary level in those subjects only in which candidates have taken admission in NIOS for subject wise learning. Results of the public examinations are announced usually six weeks after the last date of examinations.
How can students learn under NIOS?
Students can complete their Basic education from class 1 to class 8 as well as class 10, class 12, or vocational courses from NIOS.
For Secondary and Senior Secondary levels, NIOS offers flexibility for students for their choice of subjects and courses, learning pace, and credits transfer from CBSE, other national/state Board of School Education as well as State Open Schools.
The eligibility criteria of NIOS are the rules, which a student need to fulfill to be eligible for admissions to secondary or senior secondary level. The NIOS eligibility mainly includes age limit and academic qualification. Check below NIOS eligibility criteria as mentioned below –
Age Limit for Secondary course at NIOS
The students need to be 14 years of age at the time of admission.
The students must have completed 15 years of age at the time of admission.
NIOS: Tutor Marked Assignment
The Tutor Marked Assignment (TMA) is NIOS assignments to be submitted by the course enrolled in class 10 or class 12 levels. For each subject selected by the students, there are three assignments that carry 6 questions. Students are required to complete all the assignments and submit to the subject teachers/tutors/coordinators at the allotted Accredited Institute (AI) for evaluation.
How is NIOS different from other Education Boards?
- NIOS is an open board of education for secondary, senior secondary and voluntary education and other boards like CBSE, ICSE and state boards follow a school system.
- NIOS offers an alternative to formal education by providing distance education program at 10th and 12th level.
- Students who fail in class 10 or 12 board exam can avail the facility of On Demand examination to pass their failed subjects in the same year of their board exams. This facility is not provided by any other board.
- NIOS provides Transfer of Credits facility under which students can get their marks for 2 subjects transferred from other boards including CBSE, CICSE and state boards.
- The number of attempts to pass the NIOS board exams is nine (9) as compared to only 3 chances to pass exams in CBSE board or any other state board.
- NIOS has no upper age limit for any level of the exam; therefore, students can take exam irrespective of their age. And it is helpful for school dropouts to continue their education and complete the course within 5 years.
- Students can select subjects as per their choice from the list of subjects for secondary or senior secondary level irrespective of stream they choose in comparison with other boards like CBSE, CICSE providing group of subjects as per the stream.
- If the students are not able to complete their studies within 5 years of registration then, they can take re-admission for their course. The subject credits for up to 4 subjects will be transferred to their new registration (if they have passed these subjects within past 10 years)
- Where, CBSE board, UP Board or any other board exams are held annually; NIOS board conducts exams for class 10th and class 12th bi-annually i.e., in April –May and September-October. Moreover, On Demand Examinations are held throughout the year as per the convenience of students who failed in other board.
- NIOS board mainly offers courses in Hindi, Urdu, and English medium. But Students studying from NIOS board can choose from Hindi, English, Urdu, Marathi, Telugu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Tamil, and Odia for class 10th and from Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati, and Odia for class 12th as the choice of medium. Moreover, the exam paper will be in English or Hindi medium, but students can write answers in the exam in any regional language registered with Constitution of India.